Rabat, March 10, MAP.
Mr. Rachid BENMOKHTAR, Minister of National
Education and Vocational Training, emphasized that foreign languages,
particularly with regard to teaching scientific subjects, are necessary
to improve future generations’ opportunities to access the job market
and enhance Morocco’s competitiveness in a constantly changing world.
an interview with MAP (Maghreb Arab Press), Mr. BENMOKHTAR considered
that improving foreign languages, together with the Kingdom’s two
official ones (Arabic and Tamazight) can increase students’
opportunities to easily access the job market. Besides, this will allow
them to discover sciences “which is a necessary thing; taking into
account the strategic position of Morocco which is a party to several
agreements with a number of Spanish and English speaking countries”.
on the other hand, stressed that teaching foreign languages will have
no negative impact on the position of Arabic in the national education
system; that improving the teaching of foreign languages does by no
means stand for neglecting Arabic, emphasizing that it is necessary to
distinguish between Arabic as a language of instruction and teaching
Arabic, and concentrate on improving the methods of teaching it.
said that the 2015-2030 vision makes Arabic the main teaching language
in primary, lower secondary and secondary education levels and, at the
same time, enhances foreign languages. All the initiatives aiming at
improving the yield of education are based on improving the teaching of
Arabic. Mr. BENMOKHTAR mentioned in this regard that, in the future,
some subjects of the lower secondary and secondary education levels will
be gradually taught in French.
added that students will start learning English from the fourth year of
the primary education. Regarding French, it will be taught through a
new method at the lower secondary education in order to help students
increase their proficiency and prepare them to learn some subjects in
French when they move to the secondary level.
the promotion of foreign languages, Mr. BENMOKHTAR stated that the
focus will be on scientific and technological subjects and all the
subjects that have an important potential in the job market, such as
business management and logistics, in order to prepare students for the
language used in the market. Mr. Rachid mentioned in this regard that
this is a long process which necessitates seriousness, particularly
through training the teachers and changing the curricula.
mentioned that the majority of references are published in English then
translated into French and Spanish, while the Arabic version takes a
long time to be obtained because of the difficulties related to research
selection and translation.
emphasizing that English will occupy a special place in the national
education system, especially after the success of some experiments
related to applying a new model and pedagogy of teaching English, Mr.
BENMOKHTAR mentioned that the “Access” program will be enlarged in order
to include a number of lower secondary education institutions and
become the basis of teaching English. He added that teachers will
concurrently be trained in English to go hand in hand with the new
to Mr. BENMOKHTAR, the difficulties to find a job are more related to
graduates’ weak mastery of languages and communication skills than to
weakness in other competencies.
the other hand, Mr. BENMOKHTAR stressed that, in accordance with the
high royal instructions contained in the Throne Day speech of July 30,
2015, the vocational training is a priority in the Ministry’s programs.
explained that the Ministry strives to change the parents and students’
general perception of vocational training as an “alternative for the
non successful students”, considering that obtaining diplomas is not
more important than mastering knowledge and competences.
this regard, he said that the countries where the proportion of
employment-related problems is low are those who give more importance to
vocational training, such as Switzerland, Germany, Sweden and Austria,
whose education systems are mainly based on vocational training.
said that the Ministry is looking forward to giving vocational training
the position it deserves “in a way that opens various horizons for
students especially for the purpose of accelerating their integration in
the job market and meeting the needs of businesses.”
this context, he stressed the principle of early orientation which will
be gradually established from the primary level through making students
aware of the importance of professions, making them respect their
practitioners and enabling them to discover them, considering that the
Moroccan society is in need of all professions.
BENMOKHTAR recalled the establishment of the professional baccalaureate
and the professional course in the lower secondary and secondary
levels, which was carried out in partnership with businesses and
professional federations. The professional course in the lower secondary
level relates to the handicraft, mechanics and tourism, while the
professional baccalaureate relates to aviation, automotive, textile and
agriculture. The minister said in this regard that 17 economic fields,
including renewable energies, are targeted.
to Mr. BENMOKHTAR, this is a comprehensive review and urgent project
based on a very sophisticated orientation system (web portal, presence
of some businesses in schools, training in the field of business
leadership and business creation).
another perspective, and for the purpose of accompanying the advanced
regionalization, Mr. BENMOKHTAR stressed that the Ministry has won the
bet of accelerating this process since January 2016, especially through
appointing the new directors of the regional academies in accordance
with the new territorial division.
minister talked about the meeting he recently held with the central,
regional and provincial directors of education and training which was
crowned by signing the accountability charter. The latter determines the
principles and ethics directors should respect while exercising their
chart is based on responsibility and partnership, and it aims at giving
more independence to regional academies and provincial directorates in
managing the field of education.
the other hand, and regarding the gender issue, Mr. BENMOKHTAR stressed
the importance the Ministry gives to this question, which is reflected
in launching the revision of textbooks and the administrative management
of the personnel, adding that the Ministry adopts a budget that takes
gender parity into account.
felt sorry to see that only few women get positions of responsibility.
In his opinion, this does not reflect their real contribution to the
education system, justifying the fact that they do not apply for such
positions by the difficulty of assuming double responsibility: the
social responsibility and the professional one.
BENMOKHTAR concluded saying that changing the national education system
and providing for “a better future to the coming generations and the
country’s future” are possible, expressing his determination to pursue
this reform program in harmony with the Constitution and in application
of the high royal instructions.
The interview was conducted by Amal TAZI and Sanaa BENASSRI